Created by John Hanes
1. Revisit Part 1, review the vocabulary, and think about what you chose, to stick or switch: http://wp.me/P24MID-4j
2. Before you watch, you may want to review the vocabulary below the video to help understanding and memory when listening.
3. Now watch the video the see which strategy is better and why:
4. Vocabulary in Context:
4.1 star/ booby prizes (n.) – The good and bad prizes. Here the car is the star and goats are the booby prizes. A booby is a stupid person, and sometime an impolite slang word for a woman’s breast.
4.2 to conceal (v.) – to hide from view. e.g. he concealed his feelings. collocation: a concealed weapon
4.3 to pick (v.) – to choose from a variety of option. Also to harvest fruits or vegetables with hands.
Can be a noun used similar to “choice” but is slightly more formal than “pick”.
4.4 remaining (adj.) – still existing or in use
4.5 to swap (v.) – to trade or switch one thing for another.
(n.) – a swap, (gerund) – swapping
should you swap or stick – should (modal verb)- function is asking for advice.
4.6 chance (n) – probability
4.7 time up – or time’s up. Out of time. The time limit is finished.
4.8 It makes no difference – whether you swap or not – It doesn’t matter if you trade or not.
whether (conj.) is similar to “if” here. It is often used with “or not” when expressing doubt or a choice between two choices and can be split. E.g. Do you know whether I should wear a suit or not?
4.9 however (adv.) – used to introduce contrast with or contradicts something said previously.
e.g. I generally don’t like fruit, however, I do like apples.
4.10 probability (n.) – how likely something is to happen. Phr: in all probability – it is very likely. The sun, in all probability, will rise tomorrow.
4.11 counter-intuitive – against common sense. (adj.) Counterintuitively. E.g. Einstein’s theory of relativity counterintuitively explains that time is relative.
4.12 twice the chance – double the probability or opportunity. Phr. by chance – I saw you in Tokyo by chance.
4.13 by luck (adv. phrase)- I found it by luck – by chance
4.14 on your first go (Am: turn, chance) – First try or attempt at something and in this context when playing a game.
4.15 consequence (n.) – the result of an decision or action.
4.16 the crux of the problem (phr.) – the most important point of an issue. E.g. For me the main crux of the issue is how animals live and die, not whether or not it’s wrong to eat them.
4.17 to reveal (v.) – To make previously secret or unknown information known. The magician revealed the secret of his magic trick.
5. What does switching do to you chances of winning?
B. Doubles chance
C. Halves chance
A study was conducted and it was found that most people strongly prefer to stick with their original choice?
Why do most people find switching counter-intuitive?
Are there other reasons someone may decide to stay with their first choice?